In 2011 , the forty-seven –member United Nations Human Rights Council unanimously endorsed the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business Human Rights (UNGPs) .Over the last decade since the adoption of the UNGPs there has been growing pressure on investors to demonstrative responsibility for the environment, society and governance (ESG)
Although Africa has lagged behind other regions in efforts to implement the UNGPs and advance the business and human rights agenda. Kenya is one of two African nations to have developed a National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights.
The National Assembly adopted the National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights on 9th November 2022 as Sessional Paper No.3 of 2021 .The policy document has officially been launched today at Panari Hotel Nairobi with the main aim of having a successful implementation of the document translating to responsible business conduct in Kenya.
The main objective of the NAP is to guide the state in fulfilling its duty to protect individuals and communities from business- related human rights abuses consistent with its domestic and international obligations. To guide businesses on the measures they should undertake to meet their responsibility to respect human rights in their operations and to offer a roadmap of strengthening access to state- based judicial and non-judicial remedies for victims of business-related harm
To ensure that the measures proposed in this NAP are implemented, Kenya National Chamber of Commerce & Industry (KNCCI) and other key partners overseen by the Department of Justice and the Kenya National Commission of Human rights will be on the NAP implementing committee which shall , within six months of adoption , come up with detailed work plan on how to implement and monitor the policy actions under this NAP.